High rise or high-rise building is a tall building requiring mechanical transportation like elevators. Skyscraper is among the tallest building high-rise. In 1880, the first highest building was built in the United States. Their demands come more from the urban areas, where the land price is too high. Therefore, the building is built one over another, i.e., vertically rather than horizontally.
High-rise building design made it possible to use steel structural frames and glass exterior sheathing. These buildings have become architectural landscape features. They are built in such a way as to support the heaviest load. They include concrete piers, piles, or caissons in the ground. It is to be made to keep the wind and earthquake scenarios in mind. The curtain wall is used for high–rise buildings.
Safety is the primary point to keep as the building is high. Elevators are used to move into the building. The audit is required to check the proper working of construction and mechanical devices. Also, appropriate standards of fire prevention should be made. The high-rise projects include offices, malls, residential areas, hospitals, and hotels.
Consideration for High-Rise Building Design:
Evaluation & Configuration
Before starting the procedure, it is mandatory to validate the requirement of the height of the building and the design according to the location. Land needs to be cross-checked for bearing the weight of the building to be built.
Measuring integrity is an essential and significant requirement to be checked, both for horizontal and vertical land bearing. The building should maintain integrity to prevent accidents.
MEP(mechanical, electrical and plumber)
It is among one the most complex designs. It includes:
- fire Extinguisher
- supply of water
- power backup
- Disposal of Waste Systems
If you are LEED certified, you can save electricity and water supply at usage. For example, HVAC, on average, consumes 39% of the building’s energy. You can decrease electricity usage by electricity up to 30% based on the HVAC system.
Reliability and environmentally friendly nature:
Moto is to save money and make it green-friendly in nature. Many nature-friendly options for electricity are readily available. For example,
A solar plant is a device in which electricity is generated using the sun. It is also known as a solar panel system or solar system.
Comfort for occupant
To have good comfort for the people, you must look for good indoor quality. These can be achieved from HVAC solutions. Technology like ductwork is best to replace indoor air with fresh air.
We must select the best visual material for the building leading to sound quality. Although implementing HVAC in a high-rise building is a complex task implementing it into your designs would be beneficial.